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الإثنين، 15 كانون1/ديسمبر 2014

قمة الكوميسا بمالاوى


قمة الكوميسا بمالاوى تحت شعار" العلوم والتكنولوجيا "

 

بدأت بمالاوي قمة السوق المشتركة لدول جنوب وشرق إفريقيا (الكوميسا) بمشاركة (6) رؤساء دول وممثلين ل(14) دولة بالعاصمة المالاوية ليلونغوي .

من جانبه رحب الرئيس الملاوي بينقو موزاريكا الذي تسلمت بلاده رئاسة منظمة الكوميسا خلال مخاطبته الجلسة بمشاركة الرئيس السودانى عمر البشير في القمة.

كما خاطب الجلسة الافتتاحية لقمة الكوميسا المنعقدة حالياً بالعاصمة الملاوية ليلونغوي أيضاً جان بينغ رئيس مفوضية الاتحاد الإفريقي ورئيس بورندي بيير نكورو وملك سويزالاند ماسواكي الثالث.

الموضوعات المدرجة على جدول إجتماعات الكوميسا هذه الدورة ، الموضوع الرئيسي للقمة هذا العام يحمل شعار العلوم والتكنولوجيا، ولكن ستبحث القمة أيضا آفاق التعاون بين دول المجموعة والعمل على تذليل المعوقات أمام زيادة تبادل التجارة البينية بين دول الكوميسا  في ظل تراجع الرسوم الجمركية ، بعد أن أصبحت صفرا ، وبما يسهم في فتح آفاق جديدة للتعاون التجاري الصناعي ، وإقامة مشروعات استثمارية مشتركة لتحقيق التنمية المستدامة لجميع دول الكوميسا ،   والمضي قدما في سلة الغذاء الأفريقية باعتبارها الركيزة للأغذية وبرنامج الأمن الغذائى داخل الدول الأعضاء في الكوميسا. مضيفة أنه من المتوقع أن تشهد القمة مناقشات واسعة  أيضا حول مشكلة المجاعه والجفاف في منطقة القرن الأفريقي .

 

هذا وتجدر الإشارة، أن تجمع الكوميسا الإقتصادي الذي ظهر  للوجود عام 1994، هو أكبر ثلاث تجمعات إقتصادية بالقارة السمراء، ويضم في عضويته تسعة عشر دولة  تم التوصل بينهم إلى إقامة منطقة تجارة  حرة عام2000 تمتد من ليبيا إلى زيمبابوي وبدأ بعضوية 9 دول وأنضمت باقى الدول تباعا.

Malawi takes over as Chair of COMESA

The President of the Republic of Malawi His Excellency Professor Bingu wa Mutharika has assumed office as the new Chairperson of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Authority. The President took over office at a colourful ceremony during the opening of the Summit of Heads of State and Governments at State House grounds in Lilongwe, Malawi on 15th October 2011.

 

His Majesty King Mswati III, Sudanese President Omar al Bashir, Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe and Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi witnessed the handover of the instruments of power between King Mswati III and President Mutharika.

 

Vice Presidents from Zambia, Kenya, Seychelles, Djibouti, Union of Comoros and Ministers from COMESA countries were also present at the 15th COMESA Summit of Heads of State and Governments. The Chairperson of the African Union Commission Dr Jean Ping, the Executive Secretaries of the East African Community and the Southern African Development Community Amb. Dr. Richard Sezibera and Mr Tomaz Salomoa respectively, were also present during the summit.

 

Malawi is widely regarded as the birth place of COMESA since  it was in Lilongwe that the then PTA was transformed to COMESA in 1994. During that time, President Bingu wa Muthrika was the Secretary General of the Preferential Trade Area (PTA). The Malawian leader is credited for being the architect of the COMESA treaty and is also regarded as the brains behind regional integration in eastern and southern Africa.

 

In his acceptance speech, President Mutharika said he will work to address the biggest challenge faced by COMESA today which is the slow implementation of the integration agenda by Member States.

 

Much as COMESA has been successful in adopting the appropriate policy and regulatory environment, the biggest challenge remains the disconnect that exists between the policy statements and effective implementation at national level. There is also a related challenge that COMESA programmes are not fully reflected in our national growth and development strategy. This is causing limitations in realization of the benefits of our regional integration efforts,” President Mutharika pointed out.

He called out some concrete proposals emanating from the COMESA Council of Ministers report which he said the region must do to keep integration and enhance growth. These are:-

           Establishing a robust regional science and technology park. This will be a center of excellence and it will build the requisite skills and technology capacity for the region.

           Advancing the African Food Basket as the pillar for food and security programme within the COMESA member states.

           Strengthening the support to the development of women through the establishment of empowerment funds

           Support to the industrialization programme for the region. Statistics indicate that 70 percent of imports by member states are manufactured products. This is likely to erode the essence of regional integration if left to persist.

The Summit discussed the Customs Union whose transition period ends in June 2012. The COMESA Customs Union was launched in 2009 but a transition period was immediately put in place to allow member states to align their policies to allow for the full implementation of the Customs Union.

The need to further work together as building blocks of the African Union was emphasized during the first day of the Summit and the tripartite grand Free Trade Area by COMESA, the EAC and SADC was discussed in detail.