Trade and investment in the Arab world
Arab Foundation revealed to ensure investment and export credit "guarantee" for the significant growth of the volume of foreign trade in the Arab countries in recent times, as a proportion of GDP rose from about 65% on average during the last decade of the last century to about 85% during the period between 2000 and 2007, and then to about 92% during the last three years between 2009 and 2012.
The organization said in a press statement yesterday on the occasion of a special issue of the quarterly published on Arab trade and development that the value of trade in goods and services amounted to Arabic about $ 2.5 trillion, with a share of 5.5% of world trade and 94% of GDP in the Arab 2012, with expectations that the growing value of 134.4 billion dollars and by 5.4% to 2603 billion dollars in 2014.
The Foundation spotted in the dossier concentrated sectorally Arab trade of goods and services as it holds merchandise trade 85% of the total, also acquires 7 countries only are; Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, Egypt, more than 80% of the Arab total for the year 2012.
Foundation said in a published which were based on the International Trade Organization data WTO rules and the International Monetary Fund IMF and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development "UNCTAD" that the Arab region as a whole a net beneficiary of trade commodity surplus of $ 525 billion in 2012 as exports account for more than 62% of the Total trade Asalaah.ufema respect in terms of sectoral distribution of exports has bulletin indicated that all Arab countries achieved a deficit in trade in industrial products, where exports worth 196.6 billion represent only about 14.7% of merchandise exports Arabic and 13.6% of the total goods and services exports and 7. 5% of GDP and the Arab acquires them on a tiny share of 1.7% of the exports of industrial products in the world.
Estimated newsletter Arabic service trade volume of about 346.5 billion dollars, and pointed out that the Arab region as a whole is a net importer of services from the world the existence of a deficit of $ 119.6 billion in 2012, due to high volume of imports for annual exports of services of various kinds.
In a related context Foundation estimated the inter-Arab trade goods of the size of about $ 105 billion in 2012 of which about 43.7% interfacial trade Gulf, also acquires all of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates on about 48.5% of the total inter-Arab exports and 25.7% of Total intra-Arab imports.
Foundation stressed that interest trade flows comes from its historic role aimed at encouraging Arab countries' exports and Arab foreign markets, which started in 1986 through the Arab version of the system to ensure the export credit and guarantees against commercial and non-commercial risks that may be encountered where the Foundation has provided assurances in this issue of $ 9.5 billion since its inception until the end of 2012, mostly to ensure credit Alsadarat.oakdt that international trade exchanges in general and exports in particular, it is extremely important for various countries and the large role in linking the economies and societies, and help them to grow and develop through technology transfer the knowledge and expertise and enhance the competitive ability of the state in the global markets and dispose of surplus production which is reflected positively in various foreign trade indicators including; the balance of trade and balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves, and others.
The Foundation reported that in light of the growing challenges and changes in the various international economic and trade fields, particularly the growing role of economic blocs and international organizations and multinational companies, has increased the importance of economic and trade between the Group of Arab States integration through bilateral and multilateral agreements within the framework of the joint Arab free trade and market the Gulf and Arab region targeting in the end, the development of inter-Arab trade and Arab exports to the outside.
Foundation and expressed the hope that this report will contribute to the formation of an initial picture of the foreign trade of Arab countries performance and what can help decision-makers and concerned public and private institutions involved in the move to promote the benefits that can accrue to the region from its trade relations with the outside world, particularly in the promotion exports.
«Guarantee»: Arab investment multiplied six times to $ 138 billion in 7 years
Arab Foundation expected to ensure the Investment and Export Credit retreat inter-Arab investment in 2011 flows due to the control of a state of caution on the Arab investors, especially in some countries that have seen political developments because of the likelihood of low investments Arab oil-exporting countries to invest and quiet mergers and acquisitions activities.
Reported in a working
paper submitted to the «Conference
inter-Arab investments and Arab problems settle
their disputes Reality and
propose solutions», which concluded its
activities yesterday at the
headquarters of the League of Arab States in Cairo, the hope in the success of the region to overcome the challenges on the basis of quite a few positive factors that can reduce from the negative impact of political factors on the investment climate.
They pointed out that enterprise data indicate that the inter-Arab direct investment flows have doubled to about 138.1 billion at an annual average of $ 23 billion during the period 2010/2005, or more than six times the total inflows during the period 2004/1999, amounting to about $ 19.4 billion at an annual average 3.23 billion dollars during the period 2010/1995 amounting to 16 years.
The Foundation explained that the inter-Arab direct investment inflows amounted to about $ 165 billion at an annual average of $ 10.3 billion, 78% of them for about 5 Arab countries where I got Arabia to $ 64.3 billion share% 39.0 of them, followed by Sudan at about $ 23.3 billion, and the share of 14.1%, Lebanon about $ 14.8 billion and 9.0% share, Egypt about $ 14.4 billion and 8.7% share, then Emirates approximately $ 11.3 billion and 6.8% share.
They attributed the paper dropped the inter-Arab investment flows for the year 2010 to realistic reasons and other art related to the participation of six Arab countries only, including, Egypt, Jordan, Yemen, Morocco, Tunisia, Sudan, in the supply of enterprise data, where he notes that the direct investment flows inter-Arab in 2010 participation (6 states) amounted to about $ 5.7 billion versus $ 22.6 billion in 2009 with the participation of (9 countries) and about $ 35.4 billion in 2008, with the participation of (13 countries), but reached the highest level at $ 37.3 billion in 2005, when he participated (14 countries) in supply this Bayat Foundation, which is the only source to him.
In this context, the organization decided to adopt a new methodology to extract inter-Arab investment in the Member States Data To achieve this goal the organization urges Arab states to implement the Arab League's decision in September 2010, on the sidelines of the discussion of the Economic and Social Council at the ministerial level on the provision of foreign investment and enrich the data the investment climate in the Arab countries, which are the reports are the only source of such complex data.
Foundation explained that the reality of follow-up of developments in inter-Arab investment in the past few years, I noticed positive changes not only in size but also on the sectoral distribution level, through, increasing Arab investments in the agriculture sector, especially in Egypt, Sudan, Syria and Algeria, the increasing role of the sector retail trade and expansions ambitious major Arab companies in this area of investment plans, the great historical role played by the telecommunications sector and is expected to be enhanced in the coming period with the expected investment moves to companies Arab telecom major, the growing role of the tourism sector, especially investments Gulf companies in Mashreq and Maghreb Egypt, increasing the role of the industrial sector, especially with most of the Arab countries announce plans to set up more of the huge industrial areas and the expansion of existing ones, the growing role of banks and companies across the Arab sector, which began years of national implementation of investment programs and ambitious plans in the area since.
The paper notes that the next time you need to re-Arab performance evaluation in the field of investment, particularly at the level of communities benefit from the advanced technology transfer and methods of sound and modern management and to provide opportunities for access to new international markets, and improving tax revenues and contribute to the infrastructure and energy production infrastructure, and over a broad sector benefit of the population of those benefits, especially the slides, which lack the urgent need for jobs, as well as the impact of these investments on the local environment.
And called on the worksheet to a set of recommendations to increase the powers of investment promotion agencies in the areas of revision of legislation and administrative reform and structural, to continue to build partnerships and coalitions regional and international development, development and activation of the ruling frameworks Arab investment, especially to encourage inter-Arab investment agreements and foremost, the Investment of Arab capital and the Convention settlement of Investment Disputes in the Arab countries, to encourage the Arab private sector and remove obstacles to increase its contribution to the economy, the diversification of economic activities and the development and strengthening of local markets and the activation of the competition, the application of policies that will transfer advanced technology and administrative and technical skills associated with investment projects, raise labor productivity element of skill , infrastructure development.